|1886 in topic|
Archaeology – Architecture – Art
Film - Literature – Music - (jazz)
|Australia – Belgium – Brazil – Bulgaria – Canada – Denmark – France – Germany – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Philippines – Portugal – Russia – South Africa – Spain – Sweden – United Kingdom – United States – Venezuela|
|Rail transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Sovereign states – State leaders – Territorial governors – Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2639|
|Balinese saka calendar||1807–1808|
|British Regnal year||49 Vict. 1 – 50 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)|
4582 or 4522
— to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
4583 or 4523
|- Vikram Samvat||1942–1943|
|- Shaka Samvat||1807–1808|
|- Kali Yuga||4986–4987|
|Japanese calendar||Meiji 19|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||26 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2428–2429|
2012 or 1631 or 859
— to —
2013 or 1632 or 860
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1886.|
1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1886th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 886th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1886, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January 1 – Upper Burma is formally annexed to British Burma, following its conquest in the Third Anglo-Burmese War of November 1885.
- January 5–9 – Robert Louis Stevenson's novella Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is published in New York and London.
- January 16 – A resolution is passed in the German Parliament to condemn the Prussian deportations, the politically motivated mass expulsion of ethnic Poles and Jews from Prussia, initiated by Otto von Bismarck.
- January 18 – Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
- January 29 – Karl Benz patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile, the Benz Patent-Motorwagen (built in 1885).
- February 6–9 – Seattle riot of 1886: Anti-Chinese sentiments result in riots in Seattle, Washington.
- February 8 – The West End Riots following a popular meeting in Trafalgar Square, London.
- February 14 – The first train load of oranges leaves Los Angeles via the United States transcontinental railroad.
- March 3 – The Treaty of Bucharest ends the Serbo-Bulgarian War in the Balkans.
- March 16 – A law establishing the Kiel Canal is adopted in the German Empire.
- March 17 – Carrollton Massacre: 20 African Americans are killed in Mississippi.
- March 29 – Wilhelm Steinitz becomes the first recognized World Chess Champion.
- March – Gottlieb Daimler assembles his first automobile, in Germany.
- April 4 – William Ewart Gladstone introduces the First Irish Home Rule Bill in the Parliament of the United Kingdom; it is defeated on June 8.
- April 6 – The settlement of Vancouver, British Columbia is incorporated.
- April 24 – Father Augustine Tolton, the first Roman Catholic priest from the United States to identify himself publicly as African American, is ordained in Rome.
- April 25 – Easter occurs on the latest possible date (the next time is in 1943).
- April – The Swedish Dress Reform Society is established.
- May 1 – A general strike begins in the United States, which escalates on May 4 into the Haymarket affair in Chicago, and eventually wins the eight-hour day for workers.
- May 4 – Emile Berliner starts work that leads to the invention of the gramophone.
- May 8 – American pharmacist Dr. John Pemberton invents a carbonated beverage that will be named 'Coca-Cola'.
- May 15 – Portugal and France agree to regulate the borders of their colonies in Guinea.
- May 17
- May 29 – John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola (in The Atlanta Journal).
- June 2 – U.S. President Grover Cleveland marries Frances Folsom in the White House (Washington, D.C.), becoming the only President of the United States to wed in the executive mansion. She is 27 years his junior.
- June 3 – Uganda Martyrs: Charles Lwanga, 12 other Catholic boys and men, and 9 Anglicans, are burned (and another Catholic speared) to death, at the orders of Kabaka Mwanga II of Buganda in Namugongo.
- June 10 – The Mount Tarawera volcano erupts in New Zealand, resulting in the deaths of over 150 people and the destruction of the famous Pink and White Terraces.
- June 12 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria is detained as part of a deposition, drowning the following day under mysterious circumstances. Six weeks later his unfinished Neuschwanstein Castle is opened to the public.
- June 13 – The Great Vancouver Fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia.
- June 25 – Arturo Toscanini makes his conducting debut, with an Italian opera company visiting Rio de Janeiro.
- June 30 – The Royal Holloway College for women is opened by Queen Victoria, near London, England.
- July 3 – Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen.
- July 9 – American inventor Charles M. Hall files a patent for his inexpensive method of refining aluminium (discovered on February 23); independently and near-simultaneously discovered in France by Paul Héroult it becomes known as the Hall–Héroult process.
- July 23 – Steve Brodie is reported to have made a jump from the Brooklyn Bridge, a claim subsequently disputed.
- July 25 – Robert Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Conservative Party (UK)) becomes Great Britain's 30th Prime Minister.
- August 13 – Nagasaki Incident: Chinese troops riot during shore leave in Nagasaki, Japan.
- August 19 – The Christian Union (Church of God) is established.[where?]
- August 20 – A massive hurricane demolishes the town of Indianola, Texas.
- August 31 – The 7.0 Mw Charleston earthquake affects southeastern South Carolina, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme); 60 people are killed, and damage is estimated at $5–6 million.
- September 1 – Grasshopper Club Zürich is founded as the first football club in the Swiss city of Zürich by English students.
- September 4 – American Indian Wars: After almost 30 years of fighting, Apache leader Geronimo surrenders, with his last band of warriors, to General Nelson Miles, at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.
- September 9 – The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is signed.
- September 21 – American physicist William Stanley, Jr. patents the first practical alternating current transformer device, the induction coil.
- October 7 – Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba.
- October 24 – The British merchant vessel Normanton sinks off the coast of Japan, triggering the Normanton incident.
- October 28 – In New York Harbor, U.S. President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France. The ensuing spontaneous celebration in New York City leads to the first ticker tape parade.
- November – The extremely harsh winter of 1886–87 in the United States begins, killing tens of thousands of cattle on the Great Plains of North America.
- November 1 – The biggest Buddhist boys' school in Sri Lanka, Ananda College, is founded in Colombo.
- November 3 – In the British Raj, what will become one of the biggest boys' schools in Pakistan, Aitchison College, Lahore, is founded under the auspices of Sir Charles Umpherston Aitchison.
- November 11 – Heinrich Hertz verifies the existence of electromagnetic waves, at the University of Karlsruhe.
- November 14 – German inventor Friedrich Soennecken first develops the hole puncher, a type of office tool capable of punching small holes in paper.
- November 15 – A worldwide home appliance and power tool brand, Robert Bosch GmbH was founded in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
- November 30 – The Folies Bergère stages its first revue in Paris.
- December 11 – London Association football club Arsenal, founded as Dial Square by workers at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich, play their first match (on the Isle of Dogs). The club is renamed Royal Arsenal soon afterwards, supposedly on December 25.
- December 17 – English adventurer Thomas Stevens concludes the first circumnavigation by bicycle in Yokohama, having set out on his penny-farthing from San Francisco in 1884.
- Addis Ababa is founded in the Ethiopian Empire.
- The village of Skorenovac is founded, mostly by Székely Hungarians.
- Scotch whisky distiller William Grant & Sons is founded.
- Yorkshire Tea is established in Harrogate, England.
- Johnson & Johnson, which becomes a multinational brand, begins manufacturing healthcare products in New Jersey, United States.
- Emily Ruete publishes her landmark memoir, Memoirs of an Arabian Princess: An Autobiography.
- Bedford Rugby Club is formed in England.
- Horse-drawn streetcars in Austria-Hungary, France, Germany and Great Britain are carrying c. 900 million riders per year.
- Avon Products, a cosmetics and household brand on worldwide, founded in New York City, United States.[page needed]
- Food product and processing brand, Del Monte Foods was founded in California, United States.
- January 2 –Florence Lawrence, Canadian-born actress (d. 1938)
- January 5 –Markus Reiner, Israeli scientist (d. 1976)
- January 7 –Amedeo Maiuri, Neapolitan archaeologist (d. 1963)
- January 11
- January 14 –Hugh Lofting, English-born author (d. 1947)
- January 17 –Joe Masseria, Italian-born American gangster (d. 1931)
- January 18 –Clara Nordström, German writer, translator (d. 1962)
- January 25 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
- January 27 – Frank Nitti, Italian-born American gangster (d. 1943)
- January 28
- January 31 – Alfonso López Pumarejo, 14th and 16th President of Colombia (d. 1959)
- February 2 – Frank Lloyd, English-born film director, scriptwriter and producer (d. 1960)
- February 4 – Edward Sheldon, American playwright (d. 1946)
- February 7 – Yehezkel Abramsky, eminent Russian-born rabbi, head of the London Beth Din for 17 years (d. 1976)
- February 8 – Charles Ruggles, American actor (d. 1970)
- February 9 – Edwin Maxwell, Irish actor (d. 1948)
- February 12 – Margarita Fischer, American silent film actress (d. 1975)
- February 17 – Aeneas Francon Williams, English-born missionary, Church of Scotland minister, writer and poet (d. 1971)
- February 19 – José Abad Santos, Filipino jurist, lawyer (d. 1942)
- February 22 – Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist and poet (d. 1980)
- February 27 – Hugo Black, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (d. 1971)
- March 2
- March 3 – Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
- March 4 – Kazimierz Świtalski, Polish diplomat, politician, soldier and military officer, 18th Prime Minister of Poland (d. 1962)
- March 6
- March 7
- March 8 – Edward Calvin Kendall, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1972)
- March 9 – Robert L. Eichelberger, American general (d. 1961)
- March 11 – Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Polish politician, Marshal of Poland (d. 1941)
- March 15 – Sergey Kirov, Soviet revolutionary (d. 1934)
- March 18
- March 19 – Giuseppe Bellanca, Italian-born American airplane designer, manufacturer (d. 1960)
- March 20 – Grace Brown, American murder victim whose story became a famous court case (d. 1906)
- March 22 – Kálmán Darányi, 31st Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1939)
- March 24 – Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
- March 25 – Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople (d. 1972)
- March 27
- April 2 – Reginald Barker, American film director (d. 1945)
- April 4 – William R. Munroe, American admiral (d. 1966)
- April 8 – Margaret Ayer Barnes, American playwright, novelist, and short-story writer (d. 1967)
- April 5 – Gustavo Jiménez, President of Peru (d. 1933)
- April 14 – Ernst Robert Curtius, Alsatian philologist (d. 1956)
- April 15 – Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
- April 16
- April 21 – Gheorghe Cialâk, Romanian general (d. 1977)
- April 25
- April 26 – Ma Rainey, American singer (d. 1939)
- April 30 – Dick Elliott, American actor (d. 1961)
- May 2 – Gottfried Benn, German poet (d. 1956)
- May 3 – Marcel Dupré, French composer (d. 1971)
- May 4 – Aubrey Abbott, Australian politician and administrator of the Northern Territory (d. 1975)
- May 10
- May 17 – King Alfonso XIII of Spain (d. 1941)
- May 18 – Ture Nerman, Swedish communist leader (d. 1969)
- May 20 – John Jacob Astor, 1st Baron Astor of Hever, British businessman (d. 1971)
- May 26 – Al Jolson, American entertainer (d. 1950)
- June 2 – Grover Whalen, American politician (d. 1962)
- June 3 – Benjamin McCandlish, Governor of Guam (d. 1975)
- June 6 – William A. Glassford, American admiral (d. 1958)
- June 7 – Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
- June 9 – Kosaku Yamada, Japanese composer, conductor (d. 1965)
- June 18 – George Mallory, English climber (d. 1924)
- June 21 – William Ibbett, English submariner (d. 1975)
- June 23 – Olaf M. Hustvedt, American admiral (d. 1978)
- June 24
- June 25
- June 27
- June 28 – Hitoshi Imamura, Japanese general (d. 1968)
- June 29
- July 3
- July 5
- July 6 – Lou Skuce, Canadian cartoonist (d. 1951)
- July 12 – Jean Hersholt, Danish-born actor (d. 1956)
- July 15
- July 16 – Frank Hastings Griffin, American engineer (d. 1974)
- July 18 – Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., American general (d. 1945)
- July 19
- July 21 – Masaomi Yasuoka, Japanese general (d. 1948)
- July 23 – Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (d. 1976)
- July 24 – Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Japanese writer (d. 1965)
- July 25 – Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (d. 1946)
- July 31 – Fred Quimby, American film producer (d. 1965)
- August 2 – John A.D. McCurdy, Canadian aviation pioneer, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
- August 6 – Inez Milholland, American suffragist, labor lawyer, World War I correspondent and public speaker (d. 1916)
- August 12 – Campbell Tait, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (d. 1946)
- August 20 – Paul Tillich, German-American Christian existentialist philosopher, theologian (d. 1965)
- August 26 – Ceferino Namuncurá, Argentine Roman Catholic lay brother and blessed (d. 1905)
- August 27
- August 28 – Andrew Higgins, American boatbuilder, industrialist (d. 1952)
- September 1
- September 4 – Albert Orsborn, the 6th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1967)
- September 5 – Nell Brinkley, American illustrator, comic artist (d. 1944)
- September 8 – Siegfried Sassoon, British poet (d. 1967)
- September 11 – John H. Hester, American general (d. 1976)
- September 13 – Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
- September 14 – Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia (d. 1948)
- September 16 – Jean Arp, Alsatian sculptor, painter, and poet (d. 1966)
- September 20
- September 24
- September 25 – Nobutake Kondō, Japanese admiral (d. 1953)
- September 26 – Archibald Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1977)
- September 28 – Alice Hollister, American silent film actress (d. 1973)
- October 2 – Jisaburō Ozawa, Japanese admiral (d. 1966)
- October 3 – Henri Alban-Fournier, French author of Le Grand Meaulnes (d. 1914)
- October 6 – Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist, conductor (d. 1960)
- October 11 – Conrad Helfrich, Dutch admiral (d. 1962)
- October 15 – Jonas H. Ingram, American admiral (d. 1952)
- October 16 – David Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1973)
- October 17
- October 22 – Oscar Griswold, American general (d. 1959)
- October 30 – Zoë Akins, American playwright, poet, and author (d. 1958)
- November 1
- November 2 – Gheorghe Tătărescu, 2-time Prime Minister of Romania (d. 1957)
- November 6 – André Marty, French Communist Party leader (d. 1956)
- November 9
- November 10 – Walden L. "Pug" Ainsworth, American admiral (d. 1960)
- November 11 – Ali Jawdat al-Aiyubi, 11th Prime Minister of Iraq (d. 1969)
- November 12 – Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Spanish prince, military aviator (d. 1975)
- November 15 – René Guénon, French-Egyptian author (d. 1951)
- November 17 – Walter Terence Stace, British philosopher (d. 1967)
- November 18 – Ferenc Münnich, 47th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1967)
- November 20 – Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1982)
- November 26 – Margaret Caroline Anderson, American publisher, editor (d. 1973)
- December 3 – Manne Siegbahn, Swedish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)
- December 5 – Rose Wilder Lane, American author (d. 1968)
- December 8 – Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (d. 1957)
- December 10 – Victor McLaglen, English actor, boxer (d. 1959)
- December 12 – Owen Moore, Irish actor (d. 1939)
- December 18
- December 19 – Charles M. Cooke, Jr., American admiral (d. 1970)
- December 25
- December 26 – Gyula Gömbös, 30th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1936)
- December 30 – Austin Osman Spare, English artist, magician (d. 1956)
- Khaled Chehab, 2-Time Prime Minister of Lebanon (d. 1978)
- Émile Eddé, 4th Prime Minister and 3rd President of Lebanon (d. 1949)
- Abdur Rahim Khan, Afghan governor of Herat (d. unknown)
- January 16 – Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (b. 1834)
- January 18 – Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (b. 1819)
- January 26 – David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
- February 9 – Winfield Scott Hancock, Union general of the American Civil War, Democratic political candidate (b. 1824)
- February 10 – Laura Don, American actress (b. 1852)
- February 12 – Horatio Seymour, 18th Governor of New York, 1868 Democratic Party presidential nominee (b. 1810)
- February 15 – Edward Cardwell, 1st Viscount Cardwell, British politician (b. 1813)
- February 18 – Dave Rudabaugh, American outlaw, gunfighter (b. 1854)
- February 24 – Hugh Stowell Brown, Manx preacher (b. 1823)
- March 9 – William S. Clark, American chemist (b. 1826)
- March 17 – Pierre-Jules Hetzel, French editor, publisher (b. 1814)
- April 9 – Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet (b. 1826)
- April 16 – Andrew Nicholl, Northern Irish painter (b. 1804)
- April 27 – Henry Hobson Richardson, American architect (b. 1838)
- May 9 – Facundo Bacardí, Cuban rum manufacturer (b. 1814)
- May 15 – Emily Dickinson, American poet (b. 1830)
- May 17 – John Deere, American inventor (b. 1804)
- May 23 – Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
- June 13
- June 19 – Sir Charles Trevelyan, British civil servant and colonial administrator (b. 1807)
- June 21 – Daniel Dunglas Home, Scottish medium (b. 1833)
- July 1 – Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Abich, German geologist (b. 1806)
- July 4
- July 16 – Ned Buntline (Edward Zane Carroll Judson Sr.), American publisher, dime novelist and publicist (b. 1821)
- July 25 – Eliza Lynch, First Lady of Paraguay (b. 1833)
- July 31 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist, composer (b. 1811)
- August 4 – Samuel J. Tilden, 25th Governor of New York, 1876 Democratic Party presidential nominee (b. 1814)
- August 9
- August 11 – Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
- August 16 – Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Indian spiritual figure (b. 1836)
- August 30 – Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
- September 3 – William W. Snow, American politician (b. 1812)
- September 4 – Benjamin F. Cheatham, Confederate general (b. 1820)
- September 14 – Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard, American land speculator (b. 1802)
- September 25 – Hannah T. King, British-born American writer and pioneer (b. 1808)
- October 6 – Edward William Godwin, English architect (b. 1833)
- October 8 – Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
- October 9 – Jean-Jacques Uhrich, French general (b. 1802)
- November 4 – Sir James Martin, 4th Premier of New South Wales (b. 1820)
- November 18 – Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (b. 1829)
- November 20 – William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
- November 21 – Charles Francis Adams Sr., American historical editor, politician and diplomat (b. 1807)
- December 8
- December 26 – John A. Logan, American soldier, political leader (b. 1826)
- Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin (2005). The Official Illustrated History of Arsenal. London: Hamlyn. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-600-61344-2.
- Memoirs of an Arabian Princess: An Autobiography. World Digital Library. D. Appleton and Company. 1888. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
- "Our History". Del Monte. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
- Gammond, Peter (1995). Classical composers. Surrey England: CLB Pub. p. 129. ISBN 9781858334141.
- Dickinson, Emily (1995). Emily Dickinson's open folios: scenes of reading, surfaces of writing. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 42. ISBN 9780472105861.