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* ''The Heart of the Buddha's Teaching'', Broadway Books, 1999, {{ISBN|0-7679-0369-2}}
* ''The Heart of the Buddha's Teaching'', Broadway Books, 1999, {{ISBN|0-7679-0369-2}}
* ''The Heart Of Understanding: Commentaries on the Prajnaparamita Heart Sutra'', Full Circle, 1997, {{ISBN|81-216-0703-5}}, {{ISBN|9781888375923}} (2005 Edition)
* ''The Heart Of Understanding: Commentaries on the Prajnaparamita Heart Sutra'', Full Circle, 1997, {{ISBN|81-216-0703-5}}, {{ISBN|9781888375923}} (2005 Edition)
* ''[[The Miracle of Mindfulness]]'', Rider Books, 1991, {{ISBN|978-0-7126-4787-8}}
* ''The Miracle of Mindfulness'', Rider Books, 1991, {{ISBN|978-0-7126-4787-8}}
* ''[[The Miracle of Mindfulness]]: A Manual on Meditation'', Beacon Press, 1999, {{ISBN|0-8070-1239-4}} (Vietnamese: Phép lạ của sự tỉnh thức).
* ''The Miracle of Mindfulness: A Manual on Meditation'', Beacon Press, 1999, {{ISBN|0-8070-1239-4}} (Vietnamese: Phép lạ của sự tỉnh thức).
* ''The Novice: A Story of True Love'', HarperCollins, 2011, {{ISBN|978-0-06-200583-0}}
* ''The Novice: A Story of True Love'', HarperCollins, 2011, {{ISBN|978-0-06-200583-0}}
* ''The Other Shore: A New Translation of the Heart Sutra with Commentaries'', Palm Leaves Press, 2017, {{ISBN|978-1-941529-14-0}}
* ''The Other Shore: A New Translation of the Heart Sutra with Commentaries'', Palm Leaves Press, 2017, {{ISBN|978-1-941529-14-0}}

Revision as of 00:40, 25 January 2022

Thích Nhất Hạnh
Thich Nhat Hanh 12 (cropped).jpg
Nhất Hạnh in Paris in 2006
TitleThiền Sư
(Zen master)
Personal
Born
Nguyễn Đình Lang

(1926-10-11)October 11, 1926
DiedJanuary 22, 2022(2022-01-22) (aged 95)
Huế, Thừa Thiên-Huế Province, Vietnam
ReligionThiền Buddhism
SchoolLinji school (Lâm Tế)[1]
Order of Interbeing
Plum Village Tradition
Lineage42nd generation (Lâm Tế)[1]
8th generation (Liễu Quán)[1]
Known forEngaged Buddhism, father of the mindfulness movement
Other namesNguyễn Xuân Bảo
Dharma namesPhùng Xuân, Điệu Sung
Senior posting
TeacherThích Chân Thật
Based inPlum Village Monastery

Thích Nhất Hạnh (/ˈtɪk ˈnjʌt ˈhʌn/; Vietnamese: [tʰǐk̟ ɲə̌t hâjŋ̟ˀ] (listen); born as Nguyễn Đình Lang and later known by the name Nguyễn Xuân Bảo;[2] October 11, 1926 – January 22, 2022) was a Vietnamese Thiền Buddhist monk, peace activist, and founder of the Plum Village Tradition, historically recognized as the main inspiration for engaged Buddhism.[3]

Known as the "father of mindfulness,"[4] Nhất Hạnh spent most of his later life at the Plum Village Monastery in southwest France near Thénac,[5] travelling internationally to give retreats and talks. He coined the term "Engaged Buddhism" in his book Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire.[6] After a 39-year exile, he was permitted to visit Vietnam in 2005.[7] In November 2018, he returned to Vietnam to his "root temple", Từ Hiếu Temple, near Huế,[8] where he died on January 22, 2022, at the age of 95.[9]

Nhất Hạnh was active in the peace and deep ecology movements, promoting nonviolent solutions to conflict and raising awareness of the interconnectedness of all elements in nature.[10] He was the founder of the largest monastic order in the West. He also refrained from consuming animal products, as a means of nonviolence toward animals.[11][12]

Early life

Nhất Hạnh was born as Nguyễn Đình Lang and later known by the name Nguyễn Xuân Bảo [2]on October 11, 1926,[13] in the ancient capital Huế in central Vietnam. He is 15th generation Nguyễn Đình, and Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, author of Lục Vân Tiên, was his ancestor.[14] His father, Nguyễn Đình Phúc, from Thành Trung village in Thừa Thiên, Huế, was an official with the French administration.[14] His mother, Trần Thị Dĩ, was from Gio Linh district.[14] He was the fifth of their six children.[14] Until he was age five, he lived with his large extended family at his grandmother's home.[14]

Nhất Hạnh had many names in his lifetime. As a boy, he received a formal family name (Nguyễn Đình Lang) to register for school, but was known by his nickname (Bé Em). When he first entered the temple he received a spiritual name as an aspirant for the monkhood (Điệu Sung); when he received the Five Precepts and formally became a lay Buddhist he received a Lineage name (Trừng Quang); and when he ordained as a monk he received a Dharma name (Phùng Xuân). When he later needed to register himself legally, he did so with the name Nguyễn Xuân Bảo. He took a new Dharma title (Nhất Hạnh) when he moved to Saigon from Huế in 1949.[15]

Education

At age 16, Nhất Hạnh entered the monastery at nearby Từ Hiếu Temple, where his primary teacher was Zen Master Thanh Quý Chân Thật.[16][17][18] A graduate of Báo Quốc Buddhist Academy in Central Vietnam, Nhất Hạnh received training in Vietnamese traditions of Mahayana Buddhism, as well as Vietnamese Thiền, and was ordained as a Bhikkhu in 1951.[19]

Buddha hall of the Từ Hiếu Pagoda

In 1961, Nhất Hạnh went to study at the Princeton Theological Seminary,[20] and was subsequently appointed lecturer in Buddhism at Columbia University.[21] By then he had gained fluency in French, Classical Chinese, Sanskrit, Pali and English, in addition to his native Vietnamese. In 1963, he returned to Vietnam to aid his fellow monks in their nonviolent peace efforts.[21]

On May 1, 1966, at Từ Hiếu Temple, he received the "lamp transmission" from Zen Master Chân Thật, making him a dharmacharya (teacher)[16] and the spiritual head of Từ Hiếu and associated monasteries.[16][22]

Career

Two of Nhất Hạnh's students founded La Boi Press with a grant from Mrs. Ngo Van Hieu in 1964. Within two years, the press published 12 books, but by 1966, the publishers risked arrest and jail because the word "peace" was taken to mean communism.[23] The press website says it is temporarily closed as of 2022.[24]

Vạn Hanh Buddhist University

Nhất Hạnh founded the Vạn Hanh Buddhist University, a private institution that taught Buddhist studies, Vietnamese culture, and languages, in Saigon. He taught Buddhist psychology and prajnaparamita literature there.[21]

School of Youth for Social Service (SYSS)

Nhất Hạnh founded the School of Youth for Social Service (SYSS), a neutral corps of Buddhist peace workers who went into rural areas to establish schools, build healthcare clinics, and help rebuild villages.[5] He left for the U.S. shortly afterwards and was not allowed to return, leaving Sister Chân Không in charge of the SYSS. Sister Chân Không stayed in charge of the SYSS. She was central in the foundation and many of the activities of the SYSS, which organized medical, educational and agricultural facilities in rural Vietnam during the war.[25]

Chân Không
(Sister True Emptiness)

During the Vietnam War

Vạn Hạnh University was taken over by one of the chancellors, who wished to sever ties with Nhất Hạnh and the SYSS, accusing Chân Không of being a communist. Thereafter the SYSS struggled to raise funds and faced attacks on its members. It persisted in its relief efforts without taking sides in the conflict.[6]

Nhất Hạnh returned to the US in 1966 to lead a symposium in Vietnamese Buddhism at Cornell University and continue his work for peace. While in the US, he visited Gethsemani Abbey to speak with the Trappist monk Thomas Merton.[26] When the South Vietnamese regime threatened to block Nhất Hạnh's reentry to the country, Merton wrote an essay of solidarity, "Nhat Hanh is my Brother".[26][27] In 1964, after the publication of his famous poem, "whoever is listening, be my witness: I cannot accept this war...", Nhất Hạnh was labeled an "antiwar poet" and denounced as a "pro-Communist propagandist" by the American press.[28] In 1965 he had written Martin Luther King Jr. a letter titled "In Search of the Enemy of Man".[29] During his 1966 stay in the US, Nhất Hạnh met King and urged him to publicly denounce the Vietnam War.[30] In 1967, King gave the speech "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence" at the Riverside Church in New York City, his first to publicly question U.S. involvement in Vietnam.[31] Later that year, King nominated Nhất Hạnh for the 1967 Nobel Peace Prize. In his nomination, King said, "I do not personally know of anyone more worthy of [this prize] than this gentle monk from Vietnam. His ideas for peace, if applied, would build a monument to ecumenism, to world brotherhood, to humanity".[32] That King had revealed the candidate he had chosen to nominate and had made a "strong request" to the prize committee was in sharp violation of Nobel traditions and protocol.[33][34] The committee did not make an award that year.

Nhất Hạnh moved to France and became the chair of the Vietnamese Buddhist Peace Delegation.[21] When the Northern Vietnamese army took control of the south in 1975, he was denied permission to return to Vietnam.[21] In 1976–77 he led efforts to help rescue Vietnamese boat people in the Gulf of Siam,[35] eventually stopping under pressure from the governments of Thailand and Singapore.[36]

Establishing the Order of Interbeing

Deer Park Monastery in California

Nhất Hạnh created the Order of Interbeing (Vietnamese: Tiếp Hiện) in 1966. He headed this monastic and lay group, teaching Five Mindfulness Trainings[37] and the Fourteen Mindfulness Trainings.[38] In 1969 he established the Unified Buddhist Church (Église Bouddhique Unifiée) in France (not a part of the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam). In 1975 he formed the Sweet Potato Meditation Centre. The centre grew and in 1982 he and Chân Không founded Plum Village Monastery, a vihara[A] in the Dordogne in the south of France.[5] Plum Village is the largest Buddhist monastery in Europe and America, with over 200 monastics and over 10,000 visitors a year.

The Plum Village Community of Engaged Buddhism[39] (formerly the Unified Buddhist Church) and its sister organization in France, the Congrégation Bouddhique Zen Village des Pruniers, are the legally recognized governing bodies of Plum Village in France; Blue Cliff Monastery in Pine Bush, New York; the Community of Mindful Living in Berkeley, California; Parallax Press; Deer Park Monastery (Tu Viện Lộc Uyển) in Escondido, California; Magnolia Grove Monastery (Đạo Tràng Mộc Lan) in Batesville, Mississippi; and the European Institute of Applied Buddhism in Waldbröl, Germany.[40][41] According to the Thích Nhất Hạnh Foundation, the charitable organization that serves as the Plum Village Community of Engaged Buddhism's fundraising arm, the monastic order Nhất Hạnh established comprises over 750 monastics in 9 monasteries worldwide.[42]

Nhất Hạnh established two monasteries in Vietnam, at the original Từ Hiếu Temple near Huế and at Prajna Temple in the central highlands. He and the Order of Interbeing have established monasteries and Dharma centres in the United States at Deer Park Monastery, Magnolia Grove Monastery, and Maple Forest Monastery (Tu Viện Rừng Phong) and Green Mountain Dharma Center (Ðạo Tràng Thanh Sơn) in Vermont, the last two of which closed in 2007 and moved to the Blue Cliff Monastery in Pine Bush, New York. These monasteries are open to the public during much of the year and provide ongoing retreats for laypeople. The Order of Interbeing also holds retreats for specific groups of laypeople, such as families, teenagers, military veterans, the entertainment industry, members of Congress, law enforcement officers and people of colour.[43][44][45][46] Nhất Hạnh conducted peace walks in Los Angeles in 2005 and 2007.[47]

Declaration of religious leaders against modern-day slavery

In 2014, major Jewish, Islamic (Muslim), Hindu, Buddhist, Anglican, Catholic and Orthodox Christian leaders met to sign a shared commitment against modern-day slavery; the declaration they signed calls for the elimination of slavery and human trafficking by 2020. Nhất Hạnh was represented by Chân Không.[48]

Writings

Nhất Hạnh has published over 130 books, including more than 100 in English, which as of January 2019 have sold over five million copies worldwide.[49][50]

Relations with Vietnamese governments

Nhất Hạnh's relationship with the government of Vietnam has varied over the years. He stayed away from politics, but did not support the South Vietnamese government's policies of Catholicization. He questioned American involvement, which put him at odds with the Saigon leadership,[30][31] which banned him from returning to South Vietnam while he was abroad in 1966.[7]

His relations with the communist government ruling Vietnam was tense due to its atheism, though he had little interest in politics. The communist government was therefore skeptical of him, distrusted his work with the overseas Vietnamese population, and several times restricted his praying requiem.[51]

Return to Vietnam

Thích Nhất Hạnh during a ceremony in Da Nang on his 2007 trip to Vietnam

In 2005, after lengthy negotiations, the Vietnamese government allowed Nhất Hạnh to return for a visit. He was also allowed to teach there, publish four of his books in Vietnamese, and travel the country with monastic and lay members of his Order, including a return to his root temple, Tu Hieu Temple in Huế.[7][52] The trip was not without controversy. Thich Vien Dinh, writing on behalf of the banned Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV), called for Nhất Hạnh to make a statement against the Vietnam government's poor record on religious freedom. Vien Dinh feared that the Vietnamese government would use the trip as propaganda, suggesting that religious freedom is improving there, while abuses continue.[53][54][55]

Despite the controversy, Nhất Hạnh returned to Vietnam in 2007, while the heads of the banned UBCV, Thich Huyen Quang and Thich Quang Do, remained under house arrest. The UBCV called his visit a betrayal, symbolizing his willingness to work with his co-religionists' oppressors. Võ Văn Ái, a UBCV spokesman, said, "I believe Thích Nhất Hạnh's trip is manipulated by the Hanoi government to hide its repression of the Unified Buddhist Church and create a false impression of religious freedom in Vietnam."[51] The Plum Village website states that the three goals of his 2007 trip to Vietnam were to support new monastics in his Order; to organize and conduct "Great Chanting Ceremonies" intended to help heal remaining wounds from the Vietnam War; and to lead retreats for monastics and laypeople. The chanting ceremonies were originally called "Grand Requiem for Praying Equally for All to Untie the Knots of Unjust Suffering", but Vietnamese officials objected, calling it unacceptable for the government to "equally" pray for soldiers in the South Vietnamese army or U.S. soldiers. Nhất Hạnh agreed to change the name to "Grand Requiem For Praying".[51] During the 2007 visit, Nhat Hanh suggested ending government control of religion to President Nguyen Minh Triet.[56] A provincial police officer later spoke to a reporter about this incident, accusing Nhat Hanh of breaking Vietnamese law. The officer said, "[Nhat Hanh] should focus on Buddhism and keep out of politics."[57]

During the 2005 visit, Nhat Hanh's followers were invited by Abbot Duc Nghi, a member of the official Buddhist Sangha of Vietnam, to occupy Bat Nha monastery and continue their practice there.[57] Nhat Hanh's followers say that during a sacred ceremony at Plum Village Monastery in 2006 Nghi received a transmission from Nhat Hanh and agreed to let them occupy Bat Nha.[56] Nhat Hanh's followers spent $1 million developing the monastery, building a meditation hall for 1,800 people.[57] The government support initially given to Nhat Hanh's supporters is now believed to have been a ploy to get Vietnam off the US State Department's Religious Freedom blacklist, improve chances of entry into the World Trade Organization, and increase foreign investment.[58]

In 2008, during an interview in Italian television, Nhat Hanh made some statements regarding the Dalai Lama that his followers claim upset Chinese officials, who in turn put pressure on the Vietnamese government. The chairman of Vietnam's national Committee on Religious Affairs sent a letter which accused Nhat Hanh's organization of publishing false information about Vietnam on its Web site. It was written that the posted information misrepresented Vietnam's policies on religion and could undermine national unity. The chairman requested that Nhat Hanh's followers leave Bat Nha. The letter also stated that Abbot Duc Nghi wanted them to leave.[57] “Duc Nghi is breaking a vow that he made to us... We have videotapes of him inviting us to turn the monastery into a place for worship in the Plum Village tradition, even after he dies — life after life. Nobody can go against that wish,” said Brother Phap Kham [56] In September and October 2009, a standoff developed, which was ended when authorities cut the power, and followed up with police raids augmented by mobs assembled through gang contacts. The attackers used sticks and hammers to break in and dragged off hundreds of monks and nuns.[58][59] “Senior monks were dragged like animals out of their rooms, then left sitting in the rain until police dragged them to the taxis where ‘black society’ bad guys pushed them into cars,” a villager said during a phone interview.[59] Two senior monks had their IDs taken and were put under house arrest without charges in their home towns.[59]

Religious approach and impact

Thích Nhất Hạnh in Vught, the Netherlands, 2006

Nhất Hạnh's approach has been to combine a variety of teachings of Early Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhist traditions of Yogācāra and Zen, and ideas from Western psychology to teach mindfulness of breathing and the four foundations of mindfulness, offering a modern light on meditation practice. His presentation of the Prajnaparamita in terms of "interbeing" has doctrinal antecedents in the Huayan school of thought,[60] which "is often said to provide a philosophical foundation" for Zen.[61]

Nhất Hạnh completed new English and Vietnamese translations of the Heart Sutra in September 2014.[62] In a letter to his students,[62] he said he wrote these new translations because he thought that poor word choices in the original text had resulted in significant misunderstandings of these teachings for almost 2,000 years.[62]

Nhất Hạnh has also been a leader in the Engaged Buddhism movement[1] (he is credited with coining the term[63]), promoting the individual's active role in creating change. He credited the 13th-century Vietnamese Emperor Trần Nhân Tông with originating the concept. Trần Nhân Tông abdicated his throne to become a monk and founded the Vietnamese Buddhist school of the Bamboo Forest tradition.[64]

Described as "the Father of Mindfullness,"[4] Thích Nhất Hạnh has been credited as being one of the main figures in bringing Buddhism to the west, in particular for making mindfulness well known in the west.[65] According to James Shaheen, the editor of US Buddhist magazine Tricycle: The Buddhist Review, "In the West, he's an icon. I can't think of a Western Buddhist who does not know of Thich Nhat Hanh.",[7] and has been described as being second only to the Dalai Lama in terms of public profile.[7] His 1975 book The Miracle of Mindfulness was credited with helping to "lay the foundations" for the use of mindfulness in treating depression through "mindfulness-based cognitive therapy".[4] J. Mark G. Williams, from Oxford University and the Oxford Mindfulness Centre, said that "What he was able to do was to communicate the essentials of Buddhist wisdom and make it accessible to people all over the world, and build that bridge between the modern world of psychological science and the modern healthcare system and these ancient wisdom practices – and then he continued to do that in his teaching."[4] One of Thích Nhất Hạnh's students Jon Kabat-Zinn, went on to develop the mindfulness-based stress reduction course that is available at hospitals and medical centres across the world,[49] and as of 2015, around 80% of medical schools are reported to have offered mindfulness training.[66] As of 2019, it was reported that mindfulness as espoused by Nhat Hanh had become the theoretical underpinning of a $1.1 billion industry in the US. One survey determined that 35% of employers use mindfulness in practices in the workplace.[49]

Thích Nhất Hạnh was also known for his involvement in interfaith dialogue, which was not common at the time. He was noted for his friendships with Martin Luther King Jr and Thomas Merton, and King wrote in his Nobel nomination for Nhất Hạnh that "His ideas for peace, if applied, would build a momentum to ecumenism, to world brotherhood, to humanity".[67] Merton wrote an essay for Jubilee in August 1966 entitled "Nhất Hạnh Is My Brother", in which he said "I have far more in common with Nhất Hạnh than I have with many Americans, and I do not hesitate to say it. It is vitally important that such bonds be admitted. They are the bonds of a new solidarity ... which is beginning to be evident on all five continents and which cuts across all political, religious and cultural lines to unite young men and women in every country in something that is more concrete than an ideal and more alive than a program."[67] In the same year, he met with Pope Paul VI and the pair called on Catholics and Buddhists to help bring about world peace, especially relating to the conflict in Vietnam.[67]

Names applied to him

Nhất Hạnh at Phu Bai International Airport on his 2007 trip to Vietnam (aged 80)

The Vietnamese name Thích () is from "Thích Ca" or "Thích Già" (釋迦, "of the Shakya clan").[16] All Buddhist monastics in East Asian Buddhism adopt this name as their surname, implying that their first family is the Buddhist community. In many Buddhist traditions, there is a progression of names a person can receive. The first, the lineage name, is given when a person takes refuge in the Three Jewels. Nhất Hạnh's lineage name is Trừng Quang (澄光, "Clear, Reflective Light"). The next is a dharma name, given when a person takes additional vows or is ordained as a monastic. Nhất Hạnh's dharma name is Phùng Xuân (逢春, "Meeting Spring"). Dharma titles are also sometimes given; Nhất Hạnh's dharma title is Nhất Hạnh.[16]

Neither Nhất () nor Hạnh ()—which approximate the roles of middle name or intercalary name and given name, respectively, when referring to him in English—was part of his name at birth. Nhất (一) means "one", implying "first-class", or "of best quality"; Hạnh (行) means "action", implying "right conduct" or "good nature". Nhất Hạnh has translated his Dharma names as Nhất = One, and Hạnh = Action. Vietnamese names follow this naming convention, placing the family or surname first, then the middle or intercalary name, which often refers to the person's position in the family or generation, followed by the given name.[68]

Nhất Hạnh's followers often call him Thầy ("master; teacher"), or Thầy Nhất Hạnh. Any Vietnamese monk in the Mahayana tradition can be addressed as "thầy". Vietnamese Buddhist monks are addressed thầy tu ("monk") and nuns are addressed as sư cô ("sister") or sư bà ("elder sister"). On the Vietnamese version of the Plum Village website, he is also called Thiền Sư Nhất Hạnh ("Zen Master Nhất Hạnh").[69]

Health

In November 2014, Nhất Hạnh experienced a severe brain hemorrhage and was hospitalized.[70][71] After months of rehabilitation, he was released from the stroke rehabilitation clinic at Bordeaux Segalen University, in France. On July 11, 2015, he flew to San Francisco to speed his recovery with an aggressive rehabilitation program at UCSF Medical Center.[72] He returned to France on January 8, 2016.[73]

After spending 2016 in France, Nhất Hạnh travelled to Thai Plum Village.[74] He continued to see both Eastern and Western specialists while in Thailand,[74] but was unable to verbally communicate for the remainder of his life.[74]

On November 2, 2018, a press release from the Plum Village community confirmed that Nhất Hạnh, then aged 92, had returned to Vietnam a final time and would live at Từ Hiếu Temple for "his remaining days". In a meeting with senior disciples, he had "clearly communicated his wish to return to Vietnam using gestures, nodding and shaking his head in response to questions".[8] A representative of Plum Village, Sister True Dedication, has described his life in Vietnam:

"Thầy's health has been remarkably stable, and he is continuing to receive Eastern treatment and acupuncture," wrote Plum Village representative Sister True Dedication in an email. "When there's a break in the rains, Thay comes outside to enjoy visiting the Root Temple's ponds and stupas, in his wheelchair, joined by his disciples. Many practitioners, lay and monastic, are coming to visit Tu Hieu, and there is a beautiful, light atmosphere of serenity and peace, as the community enjoys practicing together there in Thay's presence."[75]

Death

Nhất Hạnh died at his residence in Từ Hiếu Temple in Huế, Vietnam, on January 22, 2022, at the age of 95 as a result of complications from his stroke seven years prior.[76][9][77]

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  • The Raft Is Not the Shore: Conversations Toward a Buddhist/Christian Awareness, Daniel Berrigan (Co-author), Orbis Books, 2000, ISBN 1-57075-344-X
  • The Sun My Heart, Parallax Press, 1988, ISBN 0-938077-12-0
  • Thich Nhat Hanh: Essential Writings, Robert Ellsberg (Editor), Orbis Books, 2001, ISBN 1-57075-370-9
  • Touching the Earth: Intimate Conversations with the Buddha, Parallax Press, 2004, ISBN 1-888375-41-8
  • Transformation and Healing: Sutra on the Four Establishments of Mindfulness, Full Circle, 1997, ISBN 81-216-0696-9
  • True Love: A Practice for Awakening the Heart, Shambhala Publications, 1997, ISBN 1-59030-404-7
  • Under the Banyan Tree, Full Circle Publishing, 2008, ISBN 81-7621-175-3
  • Understanding Our Mind, HarperCollins, 2006, ISBN 978-81-7223-796-7
  • Vietnam: Lotus in a sea of fire. New York, Hill and Wang. 1967.
  • Works by or about Thích Nhất Hạnh in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
  • You Are Here: Discovering the Magic of the Present Moment, Shambhala Publications, 2010, ISBN 978-1590308387
  • Your True Home: The Everyday Wisdom of Thich Nhat Hanh, Shambhala Publications, 2011, ISBN 978-1-59030-926-1
  • Zen Keys: A Guide to Zen Practice, Harmony, 1994, ISBN 978-0-385-47561-7
  • Zen and the Art of Saving the Planet, Harper Collins, 2021, ISBN 978-0-06-295479-4

Awards and honours

Nobel laureate Martin Luther King Jr. nominated Nhất Hạnh for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1967.[32] The prize was not awarded that year.[78] Nhất Hạnh was awarded the Courage of Conscience award in 1991.[79]

Nhất Hạnh received 2015's Pacem in Terris Peace and Freedom Award.[80][81]

In November 2017, the Education University of Hong Kong conferred an honorary doctorate upon Nhất Hạnh for his "lifelong contributions to the promotion of mindfulness, peace and happiness across the world". As he was unable to attend the ceremony in Hong Kong, a simple ceremony was held on August 29, 2017, in Thailand, where John Lee Chi-kin, vice-president (academic) of EdUHK, presented the honorary degree certificate and academic gown to Nhất Hạnh on the university's behalf.[82][83]

In popular culture

Films

Nhất Hạnh has been featured in many films, including The Power of Forgiveness, shown at the Dawn Breakers International Film Festival.[84]

He also appears in the 2017 documentary Walk with Me directed by Marc J Francis and Max Pugh, and supported by Oscar-winner Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu.[85] Filmed over three years, Walk with Me focuses on the Plum Village monastics' daily life and rituals, with Benedict Cumberbatch narrating passages from Fragrant Palm Leaves in voiceover.[86] The film was released in 2017, premiering at SXSW Festival.[85]

Graphic novel

Along with Alfred Hassler and Chân Không, Nhất Hạnh is the subject of the 2013 graphic novel The Secret of the 5 Powers.[87]

See also

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Buddhist monastery and Zen center; a secluded retreat originally intended for wandering monks

References

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External links