2022 Afghanistan earthquake: Difference between revisions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
m (Just some wording to make it a bit clearer!)
No edit summary
Line 36: Line 36:
==Earthquake==
==Earthquake==
The earthquake was located near the border with [[Turkmenistan]]. It was initially reported with a magnitude of 5.6. It was revised to 5.3 a few hours later.<ref name="USGS">{{Cite web|title=M 5.3 - 41 km E of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan|url=https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/us7000gclu/executive|website=earthquake.usgs.gov|publisher=[[United States Geological Survey]]}}</ref>
The earthquake was located near the border with [[Turkmenistan]]. It was initially reported with a magnitude of 5.6. It was revised to 5.3 a few hours later.<ref name="USGS">{{Cite web|title=M 5.3 - 41 km E of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan|url=https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/us7000gclu/executive|website=earthquake.usgs.gov|publisher=[[United States Geological Survey]]}}</ref>
A foreshock with a magnitude of 4.9 occurred at 09:05 [[Coordinated Universal Time|UTC]], about 9 km&nbsp;(5.6 mi) to the southeast.<ref>{{Cite web|title=M 4.9 - 50 km ESE of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan|url=https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/us7000gcle/executive|website=earthquake.usgs.gov}}</ref>
A foreshock with a magnitude of 4.9 occurred at 09:05 [[Coordinated Universal Time|UTC]], about 9 km (5.6 mi) to the southeast.<ref>{{Cite web|title=M 4.9 - 50 km ESE of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan|url=https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/us7000gcle/executive|website=earthquake.usgs.gov}}</ref>


==Impact==
==Impact==
Line 48: Line 48:
Afghanistan is already in the grip of a humanitarian disaster, worsened by the [[2021 Taliban offensive|Taliban takeover]] of the country in August 2021 when Western countries froze international aid and access to assets held abroad.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Earthquake kills 12 in Afghanistan|url=https://www.thedailystar.net/environment/climate-crisis/natural-disaster/news/earthquake-kills-12-afghanistan-2941341?amp|website=thedailystar.net|date=18 January 2022}}</ref>
Afghanistan is already in the grip of a humanitarian disaster, worsened by the [[2021 Taliban offensive|Taliban takeover]] of the country in August 2021 when Western countries froze international aid and access to assets held abroad.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Earthquake kills 12 in Afghanistan|url=https://www.thedailystar.net/environment/climate-crisis/natural-disaster/news/earthquake-kills-12-afghanistan-2941341?amp|website=thedailystar.net|date=18 January 2022}}</ref>


The [[Minaret of Jam]], an 800-year old [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]], was damaged by the earthquake. Bricks fell from the {{Convert|65|m|ft|abbr=on}} tall tower, which, after the earthquake, is at risk of collapsing.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Minaret of Jam, a UNESCO world heritage monument, in danger of 'collapse' after earthquakes|url=https://www.firstpost.com/world/minaret-of-jam-a-unesco-world-heritage-monument-in-danger-of-collapse-after-earthquakes-10303341.html/amp|website=firstpost.com}}</ref>
The [[Minaret of Jam]], an 800-year-old [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]], was damaged by the earthquake. Bricks fell from the {{Convert|65|m|ft|abbr=on}} tall tower, which, after the earthquake, is at risk of collapsing.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Minaret of Jam, a UNESCO world heritage monument, in danger of 'collapse' after earthquakes|url=https://www.firstpost.com/world/minaret-of-jam-a-unesco-world-heritage-monument-in-danger-of-collapse-after-earthquakes-10303341.html/amp|website=firstpost.com}}</ref>


===Response===
===Response===

Revision as of 00:30, 25 January 2022

2022 Afghanistan earthquake
ShakeMap-2022-Afghanistan-earthquake.jpg
ShakeMap created by the USGS for the earthquake
2022 Afghanistan earthquake is located in Afghanistan
2022 Afghanistan earthquake
UTC time2022-01-17 11:40:08
ISC event621723883
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateJanuary 17, 2022 (2022-01-17)
Local time15:40
Magnitude5.3 Mw
Depth18.8 km (11.7 mi)
Epicenter34°56′46″N 63°34′48″E / 34.946°N 63.580°E / 34.946; 63.580Coordinates: 34°56′46″N 63°34′48″E / 34.946°N 63.580°E / 34.946; 63.580
Areas affectedWestern Afghanistan
Max. intensityVI (Strong)
Casualties28 dead, 40 injured

An earthquake measuring Mw  5.3 struck Badghis Province, Afghanistan, on January 17, 2022. Several factors led to a disproportionate amount of damage and number of casualties for the size of the shock, with 28 dead and 40 injured.[1][2][3][4][5] The earthquake destroyed hundreds of homes in northwestern Afghanistan.[3][6]

Tectonic setting

Afghanistan is situated on a major plate boundary.[7] The country is found on the boundary where two tectonic plates, the Iranian Plate and the Eurasian Plate, meet.[8] To the south of Afghanistan, the Indian Plate moves northwards and to the north, the Eurasian Plate moves south-eastwards.[7] The collision resulting from the movement of the plates has been underway for 50 million years.[7] Due to this, Afghanistan is vulnerable to earthquakes.[7] Both the Iranian Plate and the Eurasian Plate consist of continental crust, which can neither sink nor be destroyed.[8] As a result, the rocks between the two plates are forced upwards to form mountains.[8] The constant movement of the Iranian Plate increases pressure.[8]

Earthquake

The earthquake was located near the border with Turkmenistan. It was initially reported with a magnitude of 5.6. It was revised to 5.3 a few hours later.[9] A foreshock with a magnitude of 4.9 occurred at 09:05 UTC, about 9 km (5.6 mi) to the southeast.[10]

Impact

Damage and casualties

More than 700 homes were destroyed in the earthquake.[3] At least 28 people, including nine women and children, were killed in the earthquake by collapsing homes in Qadis District, fifteen of which died in the village of Badruk.[2][11][12][13][14] Most were killed when their homes collapsed.[15] Forty people suffered injuries and were treated at the hospital.[1][3]

On the day of the earthquake, the death toll was confirmed to be 12 in Afghanistan, which rose to 22 a few hours later, then 26.[13] The next day it rose to 27.[2] It rose to 28 on January 19. The reason that so many died was that the earthquake was shallow, which makes this a rare event for Afghanistan.

In the provincial capital Qala e Naw, where the maximum intensity was IV (Light), cracks were observed in the walls of some homes but no major damage was reported.[16]

Afghanistan is already in the grip of a humanitarian disaster, worsened by the Taliban takeover of the country in August 2021 when Western countries froze international aid and access to assets held abroad.[17]

The Minaret of Jam, an 800-year-old UNESCO World Heritage Site, was damaged by the earthquake. Bricks fell from the 65 m (213 ft) tall tower, which, after the earthquake, is at risk of collapsing.[18]

Response

Rescue workers faced difficulties reaching the affected area due to the lack of roads limiting access. A provincial official in Badghis said between 700 and 1,000 homes were damaged or destroyed. A team of individuals from the Taliban was also at the site to assist in relief efforts.[19] Rescue operations continued into January 19 when workers had spent two nights searching for survivors trapped beneath the rubble. Survivors sought refuge in tents and shelters while some slept in the open. The Taliban said food, aid and tents were being provided to affected residents.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Risklayer Explorer". risklayer.com.
  2. ^ a b c Zucchino, David; Hassan, Sharif (18 January 2022). "Two Earthquakes Strike Afghanistan, Killing at Least 27". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d "Magnitude 5.6 quake hits western Afghanistan, killing more than 20". Devdiscourse. 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  4. ^ "At least 12 killed in Afghan earthquake - district official". news24.com. 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Number of killed in earthquake in Afghanistan rises to 22". Mehr News Agency. 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Erdbeben (M5.4) Afghanistan; 17. Januar, 12:40 Uhr". erdbebennews.de (in German). 17 January 2022. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d Peter Webber; Neil Punnett (1999). Physical Geography and People. Nelson Thornes. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7487-4303-2.
  8. ^ a b c d Neil Punnett; Alison Rae; David Wood; Peter Richardson; John Edwards (2003). The New Wider World. Nelson Thornes. p. 272. ISBN 978-0-7487-7376-3.
  9. ^ "M 5.3 - 41 km E of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey.
  10. ^ "M 4.9 - 50 km ESE of Qala i Naw, Afghanistan". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  11. ^ "Hundreds of homes damaged as deadly earthquake rocks western Afghanistan". trtworld.com.
  12. ^ "Scossa di terremoto di magnitudo 5.3 in Afghanistan: ci sono morti e feriti. Immagini e video" (in Italian). 17 January 2022.
  13. ^ a b "26 Dead After 5.3 Earthquake Hits Western Afghanistan". ndtv.com.
  14. ^ "At least 12 killed in Afghanistan earthquake". rte.ie.
  15. ^ "At least 12 killed in Afghan earthquake: District official". arabnews.com.
  16. ^ "Twin earthquakes in western Afghanistan kill at least 22". seattletimes.com. 17 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. ^ "Earthquake kills 12 in Afghanistan". thedailystar.net. 18 January 2022.
  18. ^ "Minaret of Jam, a UNESCO world heritage monument, in danger of 'collapse' after earthquakes". firstpost.com.
  19. ^ Agence France-Presse (19 January 2022). "Afghanistan Launches Rescue Operation To Find Survivors Of Deadly Earthquake". NDTV. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  20. ^ Agence France-Presse (19 January 2022). "'We are homeless', Cry from Victims of twin Afghan quakes awaiting aid". The South African. Retrieved 19 January 2022.

External links